I want to move to Linux, so where do I start?

Firstly, you need to understand that Linux is not Windows. In addition to its UNIX base rather than DOS, the philosophy behind it is entirely different. It is part of a larger FOSS ecosystem. FOSS means free open source software. To get your head around what this philosophy actually means in practical terms, you may wish to put the expression “free as in freedom” into a web search engine of your choice. You would also be advised to look up “Richard Stallman“. You might also be interested in what finally made me join the Penguinistas.

Our first non-dual-boot GNU/Linux-only business computers…

Vista woes might lead us to better things

How we felt about GNU/Linux after using it for a for a week or so…

Another reason to be cheerful

Then you may find these GarfNet articles a useful place to start your journey. Early in my GNU/Linux jpurney, I really needed to run some Windows  applications on Ubuntu, until I could find pukka GNU/Linux alternatives. I found this was a useful stop-gap at the time…

Windows applications running successfully on Linux using WINE

However, I soon found FOSS alternatives, many of which actually work better than that the Windows applications I dumped. One such example is GNUCash accounting software…

GNUCash – serious open source accounting software

Running Windows apps directly on Linux has downsides too, especially with regard to security. I’ve not really covered that on my site because since 2007 I have found suitable equivalents for everything I use regularly. For the few oddballs (such as the software that controls my ICOM IC R20 radio scanner) there is VirtualBox. This allows complete operating systems such as MS Windows Mac OSX and MS DOS to run in a virtual machine from within GNU/Linux in a safely sandboxed manner…

Using VirtualBox to run Windows apps that will not run on WINE

Fast-forward to the present day, we use FOSS everywhere, especially for graphics and photography…

Image processing using FOSS

FOSS even does video, and does it remarkably well…

E73 Tunnels

A relatively recent addition to GNU/Linux called KDEConnect allows most modern GNU/Linux flavours to play particularly nicely with Android smartphones too – especially if you root your phone…

Ulefone 3w ruggedised smartphone

You might wish to get your head around the GNU-part of GNU/Linux…

GNU’s not Unix? If not then why not?

Where to go next…

  • Before you do anything, please back up your work!
  • Then remove the Windows drive from your computer completely.
    • Fit it in a USB caddy of some sort. They are not expensive and you can mount it at any time on Linux.
  • Install a brand new disk in your machine for your Linux installation
    • Preferably install  SSD – GNU/Linux likes SSD!
  • Install one of the more popular Debian-based GNU/Linuxes. Assuming you have a machine capable of running a 64 bit OS:-
    • If you want n easy life then bog-standard  Ubuntu is arguably your best option
    • If you want something prettier the KDE Neon is worth considering. It runs on the latest Ubuntu LTS (long term support) but it as a rolling release of the great-looking KDE Plasma desktop. Its like having the best of both worlds, a very stable base with lots of regularly updated eye-candy.
  • Then simply copy your data from the old Windows disk or the backup disk across to your new “/home/username/whatever” directories.

You also need to be aware that the GNU/Linux directory structure is rather different from Windows. You really should read this before you start moving files around…

FHS (File Hierarchy System) on Unix-like operating systems such as Linux

Looking at the broader picture…

One of the lesser-known benefits of FOSS is that you never have to toss perfectly serviceable kit into landfill, just because it won’t run the latest version of MS Windows or Mac OS. Whilst my main work machines are pretty recent, we have some laptops that are 20 years old. They are still useful, secure and running currently supported operating systems and software.

Adoption of FOSS also means we never buy proprietary NAS boxes. We simply redeploy old PC’s running Ubuntu or Debian and stuff them full of hard disks.

I’d add that widespread adoption of GNU/Linux has enabled me to undertake projects that I would not even considered under Windows. For example, we’re using a Raspberry Pi (a tiny GNU/Linux computer running on a 64-bit ARM processor) for running a 6-camera Zoneminder (FOSS security camera monitor and recording system), c/w WeeWx (FOSS weather station monitor and database). This tiny computer, not much bigger than a packet of cigarettes, runs all these various tasks, 24/7/365, in real time, brilliantly. While doing so, it consumes just 5 watts of power…

Raspberry π4 8GB for Zoneminder

 

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